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Table of Contents

Windows 7 and Vista Explained: A guide for blind and partially sighted users
By Dr Sarah Morley Wilkins and Steve Griffiths
Published by Royal National Institute of Blind People, Peterborough, UK
© Sarah Morley Wilkins 2009. All rights reserved.

Part One: The basics

  • 1 Introduction to this book
    • 1.1 The authors
    • 1.2 Notation used in this book
    • 1.3 What to skip if you are familiar with Windows
  • 2 What is Windows?
  • 3 How to learn Windows if you have sight loss
    • 3.1 Windows jargon explained: an overview of Windows concepts
      • 3.1.1 Files, folders and drives
      • 3.1.2 The Desktop
      • 3.1.3 Keyboard and mouse focus
      • 3.1.4 Programs and windows
      • 3.1.5 Menus, dialogs, toolbars and centers
      • 3.1.6 Ease of Access Center
  • 4 Windows editions and features
    • 4.1 Windows Vista editions
    • 4.2 Windows 7 editions
    • 4.3 Overview of new features in Windows Vista and Windows 7
      • 4.3.1 Differences between Windows XP and Windows Vista
      • 4.3.2 Differences between Windows Vista and Windows 7
      • 4.3.3 Differences between Windows XP and Windows 7
    • 4.4 Upgrade Advisor
  • 5 What you need to run Windows 7 or Windows Vista
    • 5.1 Windows Vista
    • 5.2 Windows 7
    • 5.3 Notes on system requirements
    • 5.4 Activating Windows
    • 5.5 Keyboard layouts
      • 5.5.1 Plug-in keyboards
      • 5.5.2 Laptop and netbook keyboards
    • 5.6 Thirteen important keys on the keyboard
    • 5.7 Keyboard shortcut listings
    • 5.8 Using the mouse

Part Two: Getting started with Windows

  • 6 Starting the computer
  • 7 The Desktop: an overview
    • 7.1 The Desktop - a guided keyboard tour
    • 7.2 The Start Button
    • 7.3 Moving around the Desktop
    • 7.4 Taskbar icons
    • 7.5 Grouping Taskbar buttons
    • 7.6 Jump lists
    • 7.7 Notification Area
    • 7.8 Show Desktop button
    • 7.9 Shortcut icons on the Desktop
  • 8 The Start Menu - a closer look
    • 8.1 Opening and closing the Start Menu
    • 8.2 The Start Menu - overview
    • 8.3 Moving around the Start Menu
    • 8.4 Using the Start Menu Search box
    • 8.5 Recently-used programs
    • 8.6 All Programs
    • 8.7 Locations and utilities
  • 9 Finishing your Windows session
  • 10 Program windows explained
    • 10.1 Notepad window layout
    • 10.2 WordPad window layout in Windows Vista
    • 10.3 WordPad window layout in Windows 7
    • 10.4 Comparison of Notepad and WordPad program windows
  • 11 Menus explained
    • 11.1 Terminology
    • 11.2 Using the menu bar
    • 11.3 Using sub-menus
    • 11.4 Hotkeys
    • 11.5 Grayed out or disabled menu options
    • 11.6 Cancelling menu activation
    • 11.7 Program System menu
    • 11.8 Context menus
  • 12 The ribbon
    • 12.1 Basic ribbon navigation
    • 12.2 Further ribbon information
  • 13 Dialogs explained
    • 13.1 Dialog basics
    • 13.2 Getting around in dialogs
      • 13.2.1 Focus
      • 13.2.2 Tab key
      • 13.2.3 Accelerator keys
    • 13.3 Making changes then choosing OK or Cancel
    • 13.4 Grayed-out or disabled controls
    • 13.5 Basic dialog controls
      • 13.5.1 Editbox (or Text box or Input box)
      • 13.5.2 Listbox (or Drop-down listbox)
      • 13.5.3 Combobox
      • 13.5.4 Checkbox (or Tick box)
      • 13.5.5 Radiobutton (or Options button)
      • 13.5.6 Button (or Command button or Push button)
      • 13.5.7 Button variations
      • 13.5.8 Spinbox (or Spinner)
      • 13.5.9 Slider
    • 13.6 Example of a simple dialog: "Find" in Notepad
    • 13.7 Advanced dialog and program controls
      • 13.7.1 Listview
      • 13.7.2 Treeview (outline view)
      • 13.7.3 Links (or hyperlinks)
    • 13.8 Multi-page or tabbed dialogs
    • 13.9 Properties dialog
    • 13.10 Static text
  • 14 Programs in action
    • 14.1 Notepad
    • 14.2 WordPad
    • 14.3 Windows Media programs
      • 14.3.1 Windows Media Player
      • 14.3.2 Windows Media Center
  • 15 Navigating text and simple editing
    • 15.1 Navigating text
    • 15.2 Inserting and deleting text
    • 15.3 Selecting text
    • 15.4 Cutting, copying and pasting text
    • 15.5 Unselecting text
    • 15.6 Undo
  • 16 The clipboard

Part Three: File management - Windows Explorer

  • 17 Windows Explorer
    • 17.1 Starting Windows Explorer
    • 17.2 Folders and libraries
    • 17.3 The Windows Explorer window layout
      • 17.3.1 Navigating the Windows Explorer window
      • 17.3.2 Address bar, Back, Forward and Refresh buttons
      • 17.3.3 Toolbar
      • 17.3.4 Windows Explorer panes: navigation, library details and preview
      • 17.3.5 Library optimization
    • 17.4 Using the Windows Explorer Search box
      • 17.4.1 Creating a search
      • 17.4.2 Search results (hits)
      • 17.4.3 Further search options
    • 17.5 Working with files and folders
      • 17.5.1 Navigation pane and listview
      • 17.5.2 Listview context menus
      • 17.5.3 Opening a file or folder
      • 17.5.4 Creating a new folder, file or shortcut
      • 17.5.5 Naming and renaming a file or folder
      • 17.5.6 Moving or copying a file or folder
      • 17.5.7 Deleting a file or folder
      • 17.5.8 Selecting multiple items
      • 17.5.9 Undoing a file or folder operation
    • 17.6 Compressed files
    • 17.7 AutoPlay
  • 18 Configuring Windows Explorer
    • 18.1 The Folder Options dialog
      • 18.1.1 General options
      • 18.1.2 View options
      • 18.1.3 Search options
    • 18.2 Specifying the program used to open a file
    • 18.3 Simplifying the Windows Explorer screen
    • 18.4 Changing the listview display
      • 18.4.1 View menu
      • 18.4.2 The Views split button
    • 18.5 Sorting the listview
    • 18.6 Filtering in Details view
    • 18.7 Viewing the properties of an item
    • 18.8 Windows Explorer column sizes when viewing by Details
  • 19 The Recycle Bin

Part Four: Working more effectively

  • 20 Introduction to the Control Panel
    • 20.1 Starting the Control Panel
    • 20.2 The Control Panel window
  • 21 Control Panel views
    • 21.1 Default category view
    • 21.2 Alphabetic view
  • 22 Using the Control Panel Search box
  • 23 Navigating the Control Panel
    • 23.1 Differences between the default and alphabetic views
    • 23.2 Control Panel windows, dialogs and web pages
    • 23.3 Difficulties with the Control Panel
    • 23.4 Progressing beyond the Control Panel first screen
    • 23.5 User Account Control
  • 24 Useful utilities
      • 24.1 The Ease of Access Center
      • 24.1.1 Starting the Ease of Access Center
      • 24.1.2 The Ease of Access Center window
    • 24.2 Personalization - changing the theme
    • 24.3 Personalization - other options
    • 24.4 Getting Started (Windows 7) or Welcome Center (Windows Vista)
    • 24.5 Volume
    • 24.6 Action Center (Windows 7) or Security Center (Windows Vista)
  • 25 Magnifier
    • 25.1 Starting and stopping Magnifier
    • 25.2 Magnifier in Windows 7
      • 25.2.1 Using Magnifier
      • 25.2.2 Magnifier views
      • 25.2.3 Magnifier shortcuts
    • 25.3 Magnifier in Windows Vista
    • 25.4 Alternatives to using Magnifier
      • 25.4.1 Screen colors
      • 25.4.2 Text and icon size
      • 25.4.3 Mouse pointer size
  • 26 Narrator
    • 26.1 Starting and stopping Narrator
    • 26.2 Narrator window and settings
    • 26.3 Narrator shortcuts
  • 27 Speech recognition
  • 28 Windows Help and Support
    • 28.1 Starting Windows Help and Support
    • 28.2 The Windows Help and Support front page
  • 29 User Accounts
    • 29.1 Managing user accounts
    • 29.2 Logging on to Windows: The Welcome Screen
    • 29.3 Switching between users
    • 29.4 Where files are kept on your computer: the "Users" folder
      • 29.4.1 Individual user accounts
      • 29.4.2 Public folders
    • 29.5 User Account Control (UAC)
    • 29.6 Parental controls
  • 30 Windows Update
  • 31 Programs and Features (uninstalling programs)
  • 32 HomeGroup
  • 33 Working with programs more effectively
    • 33.1 Switching between windows
    • 33.2 Run
    • 33.3 Set programs to load when Windows starts
    • 33.4 Set a program window to run maximized
  • 34 Customizing Windows 7
    • 34.1 Some suggested changes
    • 34.2 Customizing your Start Menu
      • 34.2.1 Classic view (Windows Vista only)
      • 34.2.2 Pin items to the Start Menu
      • 34.2.3 Change the number of recently-used programs on the Start Menu
      • 34.2.4 Customize Start Menu dialog
      • 34.2.5 Power button action
    • 34.3 Customizing your Taskbar
      • 34.3.1 Pin programs to the Taskbar
      • 34.3.2 Taskbar settings
    • 34.4 Customizing your Desktop
      • 34.4.1 Create shortcuts on the Desktop
      • 34.4.2 Desktop context menu options
    • 34.5 Power options
    • 34.6 Allocate shortcuts to items
    • 34.7 Turning off visual effects and other options
  • 35 Dealing with problems
    • 35.1 Hangs and crashes
    • 35.2 Tips to reduce problems
    • 35.3 Troubleshooting
      • 35.3.1 Recovery (System Restore)
      • 35.3.2 Screenshots
      • 35.3.3 Problem Steps Recorder

Part Five: The Internet and the web

  • 36 What is the Internet?
    • 36.1 Web browsers
  • 37 Some background about web pages
  • 38 The Internet Explorer 8 window
  • 39 Opening web pages
    • 39.1 Browsing
    • 39.2 How a web address works
    • 39.3 Opening a web page whose address you know
  • 40 Searching for web pages
  • 41 Bookmarks or favorites
  • 42 Navigating web pages
  • 43 How to use Internet Explorer 8
    • 43.1 Tabbed browsing
    • 43.2 Setting your home page or pages
    • 43.3 Other features common to Internet Explorer 7 and 8
    • 43.4 Finding information on a web page
    • 43.5 Internet Explorer's accessibility features
    • 43.6 Caret browsing for selecting text
    • 43.7 Feeds and Web Slices
      • 43.7.1 Feeds
      • 43.7.2 Web Slices
    • 43.8 Other Internet Explorer 8 features
  • 44 Electronic mail (email)

Part Six: Keyboard shortcuts

  • 45 WindowsKey commands
    • 45.1 Extra WindowsKey Commands for Windows 7
  • 46 Start Menu, Taskbar and Desktop
    • 46.1 While on the Desktop itself
  • 47 Switching between programs
  • 48 Menus
  • 49 Dialogs
  • 50 Editing
  • 51 Windows Media Player
  • 52 Windows Explorer
    • 52.1 In the listview
    • 52.2 In the navigation pane (treeview)
    • 52.3 In the address bar
  • 53 Control Panel
  • 54 Ease of Access Center
  • 55 Magnifier
  • 56 Narrator
  • 57 Windows Help and Support
  • 58 Internet Explorer
    • 58.1 Viewing and exploring webpages
    • 58.2 Working with tabs
    • 58.3 Using zoom
    • 58.4 Using search
    • 58.5 Using the address bar
    • 58.6 Opening Command bar menus
    • 58.7 Working with favorites, history and feeds
    • 58.8 Editing
    • 58.9 Using the Information bar

Part Seven: Resources

  • 59 Glossary and further notes
  • 60 On-line resources
  • 61 Ordering information
    • 61.1 Formats available and ISBNs
    • 61.2 Where to order
      • 61.2.1 UK, Europe and Worldwide (except USA and Canada)
      • 61.2.2 USA and Canada
    • 61.3 Previous titles in the series

Index

Table of figures

Images typically illustrate Windows 7.

  • Figure 1: Desktop (see Section 7)
  • Figure 2: Taskbar displaying open windows with an Aero theme (see Section 7)
  • Figure 3: Taskbar displaying open windows with a non-Aero theme (see Section 7)
  • Figure 4: Start Menu (see Sections 7 and 8)
  • Figure 5 Start Menu after typing "wi" (see Section 8.4)
  • Figure 6: Start Menu showing jump list (see Section 8.5)
  • Figure 7: Notepad window layout (see Section 10.1)
  • Figure 8: WordPad window layout in Windows Vista (see Section 10.2)
  • Figure 9: WordPad window layout in Windows 7, includes the ribbon (see Section 10.3)
  • Figure 10: Menu bar and sub-menus (see Section 11)
  • Figure 11: Editbox (see Section 13.5.1)
  • Figure 12: Listbox - collapsed (see Section 13.5.2)
  • Figure 13: Listbox - expanded (see Section 13.5.2)
  • Figure 14: Combobox (see Section 13.5.3 "Combobox")
  • Figure 15: Checkboxes (see Section 13.5.4)
  • Figure 16: Radiobuttons (see Section 13.5.5)
  • Figure 17: Buttons (see Section 13.5.6)
  • Figure 18: Split button (see Section 13.5.7)
  • Figure 19: Spinbox (see Section 13.5.8)
  • Figure 20: Slider (see Section 13.5.9)
  • Figure 21: A simple dialog: "Find" in Notepad (see Sections 13 and 13.6)
  • Figure 22: Listview in Details view (see Section 13.7.1)
  • Figure 23: Treeview (see Section 13.7.2)
  • Figure 24: Links (see Section 13.7.3)
  • Figure 25: Windows Explorer window layout (see Sections 17 and 18)
  • Figure 26: Control Panel category view (see Sections 20 to 23)
  • Figure 27: Control Panel alphabetic view (see Sections 20 to 23)
  • Figure 28: Magnifier window (see Section 25)
  • Figure 29: Narrator window (see Section 26)
  • Figure 30: Windows Help and Support (see Section 28)
  • Figure 31: Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog (see Sections 34.2 and 34.3)
  • Figure 32: Internet Explorer 8 window (see Sections 36 to 43)